A summary of the Sabbath vs Sunday evidence

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This is a useful summary of the biblical evidence against sabbath observance and for Sunday observance.

The Resurrection of Christ

The Resurrection of Christ

Icon of the Resurrection

Icon of the Resurrection

  • Number of important events in the New Testament taking place on the sabbath – zero
  • Number of important events in the New Testament taking place on Sunday – several:
    • Jesus Christ rose from the dead on Sunday – Luke 24:1-12
    • Jesus Christ rose from the dead on the third day (Sunday) – Luke 24:21
    • Christ appeared to the disciples on the road to Emmaus – Luke 24:13
    • Jesus opens their eyes with the Eucharist – Luke 24:30-31
    • Jesus opened the minds of the Apostles to the Scriptures – Luke 24:45
    • Jesus appeared to the disciples without Thomas – John 20:19
    • Jesus appeared to the disciples with Thomas one week later – John 20:26
    • The Apostles were given the Holy Spirit and the power to forgive sins – John 20:19-23
    • The Apostles received their Great Commission to go and teach all nations – Matt 28
    • Jesus told the Apostles to wait in the city until they were to be clothed with power from on high – Luke 24:49
    • On the seventh Sunday after the resurrection, the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles – Acts 2:1-4
    • Immediately after receiving the Holy Spirit, Peter gave a powerful address on the Gospel resulting in 3000 conversions – Acts 2:41
    • The first Christian gathering where the day of the week was mentioned was on the first day – Acts 20:7
    • Paul instructed that collections be taken up on the first day of the week – 1 Cor 16:1-2

Why Sunday fulfills Saturday theologically and is therefore logical to use as the primary day of worship:

Sabbath:

  1. Looks back to the exodus from Egypt
  2. Looks back to the old creation that turned to sin
  3. Offered rest to God’s chosen nation
  4. Old Covenant law
  5. Light created on the first day of the week

Sunday:

  1. The exodus type fulfilled – Jesus defeated the ultimate death and we are freed from sin
  2. We are a new creation in Christ, a better creation than the first – 2 Cor 5:17, Gal 6:15
  3. We all find our rest in Jesus, our true sabbath – Matt 11:28, Heb 4
  4. New Covenant law leaves us free to celebrate any aspect of Jesus’ life we choose
  5. Jesus the light of the world rises on the first day of the week

Galatians 4 highlights those who cling to the Old Covenant law and calls them Hagar, as opposed to those who follow Jesus being symbolised by Sarah.

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