For those who find the Mass somewhat strange, and wonder where on earth we got it from, the answer is short – it’s based on Jewish liturgies, importantly the Passover seder.
See also Scott Hahn:
And here is a video from The Fourth Cup – Dr. Scott Hahn
“Understanding the Eucharist” – Part 1 of 3, Dr. Scott Hahn (Audio)
“Understanding the Eucharist” – Part 2 of 3, Dr. Scott Hahn (Audio)
“Understanding the Eucharist” – Part 3 of 3, Dr. Scott Hahn (Audio)
The Fourth Cup and Lamb of God … by Mike Fulmer
Most of the Mass consists of prayers, readings of the Bible, a sermon, and most of the non-sermon section, prayers included, is taken mostly from the Bible. For a walk-through the Mass with the verses listed, see “Just what is the Mass anyway?” It’s an archived link, as I can’t find the original elsewhere.
Some books worth reading, via Amazon:
The Lamb’s Supper: The Mass as Heaven on Earth … by Scott Hahn
Consuming the Word: The New Testament and the Eucharist in the Early Church … by Scott Hahn
Jesus and the Jewish Roots of the Eucharist: Unlocking the Secrets of the Last Supper … by Brant Pitre